Numbered lists can give a sense of order for the items, and this implied process is eliminated with the use of bulleted lists. Avoid single-item lists. The "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition" (APA) allows the use of both numbered lists and bulleted items in research papers. Each item on the list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period, depending on the grammatical structure of the list. However, you may still use the numbered list system as your default. If the order of your elements does matter—e.g., if you’re outlining a step-by-step process, a summary of how an event unfolded over time, or a series of items in order of importance—you will need to use a numbered list. Lists, such as numbered lists and bulleted lists, may be used in APA Style. List items should be double-spaced and indented .5 inch. The APA acknowledges that bullets are acceptable alternatives to numbered lists. Combining these into one big sentence with semicolons is not recommended, because if you are putting an enumerated list into one sentence, you use the numbers in parentheses as in my first example. by Timothy McAdoo. When paraphrasing items in a list, use a signal phrase or citation in the paragraph text before the list. Numbered Lists. You can, of course, choose to use letters instead of numbers in all but the last situation. If you make a numbered list and need another list within it, use lowercase letters. Today we’ll look at numbered lists. As with a bulleted list, each element should start on a new line. signal phrase. End each sentence with appropriate final punctuation. In your text before the list, introduce the source with a . Numbered lists and bullets are often used to attract readers' attention to chronology of actions and/or series of thoughts. numbers denoting a place in a numbered series (e.g., Grade 6, Items 2 and 3, Row 4) ° parts of books (e.g., Chapter 1) ° table and figure numbers (e.g., Figure 1, Table 2) • Use words (one, two, three, etc.) This is the fourth in a six-part series. APA style is used by psychologists and professionals in the social sciences. Capitalize the first word after the number and the first word of any subsequent sentence. Make the list single-spaced. How to cite a block quote list Lists taken directly from a source can function as block quotes, which don’t need quotation marks. Punctuate numbered list items only if they are complete sentences or verb phrases that complete the sentence begun by the lead-in (and use periods in these two cases). Numbers are followed by periods and are not in parentheses. 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