Reddy PD, Satyanarayana T, Purushothaman M:  Local Drug Delivery of Herbs for Treatment of Periodontitis. 2011; 2(4):B690-B704. Podcasts. Current classifications include chronic, aggressive, localized aggressive and refractory periodontal disease. A possible mechanism in reducing gingival inflammation. Q1 (green) comprises the quarter of the journals with the highest values, Q2 (yellow) the second highest values, Q3 (orange) the third highest values and Q4 (red) the lowest values. Steps involved in Supragingival plaque formation: Step 1- The acquired pellicle is formed as an acellular coating composed of salivary proteins, on clean tooth surfaces. It is highly inconvenient and painful technique with least patient compliance. Essential oil mouthrinses can also be used as a pre-procedural mouthrinse. Editor in Chief: Myron Nevins, DDS, Marc L. Nevins, DMD, MMSc. Chemotherapeutic mouthrinses have up to 12 hour’s substantivity, therefore unless rinsing is regularly performed there is no long-lasting effect from their use. J Clin Periodontol. This paper aims to review the diagnostic application of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the field of periodontology. E-ISSN : 2457-0087. An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique code of 8 digits. The crevicular flow volume is exchanged approximately 40 times in one hour, presenting a limitation for locally directed medications. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology. Objectives . Garrett S, Johnson L, Drisko CH: Two multi-center studies evaluating locally delivered doxycycline hyclate, placebo control, oral hygiene, and scaling and root planing in the treatment of periodontitis. Journal of Periodontics 1998; 69: 269-278. Journal of Periodontology 1999; 70(1):1-7. If plaque is allowed to accumulate it will become mineralized and form calculus. The use of irrigators with blunt-ended cannulae, or syringes, may improve the ability of the chemotherapeutic agent to reach deeper into the site in shallow to moderately deep periodontal pockets. Herbal drugs acts as a renewable source, which is our only hope for sustainable supplies of cheaper medicines for the worlds growing population. is published by Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc, 4350 Chandler Drive, Hanover Park, IL, 60133, USA. Periodontology 1995; 8: 11-14. Omega-3 and Aspirin to Treat Periodontitis in Patients With Diabetes. Periodontics. Morris AJ, Steele J, and White DA: The oral cleanliness and periodontal health of UK adults in 1998. J Dent Res. New Bone Formation and Healing Time in Ridge Preservation. If plaque is allowed to accumulate, with no intervention or oral hygiene methods, gingivitis is established after 2-3 weeks of plaque formation which further turns into periodontitis (Figure 1). Aimetti M, Romano F, Torta I: Debridement and local application of tetracycline-loaded fibres in the management of persistent periodontitis: results after 12 months. Prospects for the future. It is not possible to administer broad spectrum antibiotics at its optimum dosage levels, multiple times over large periods. Step 2- Within a few hours, gram positive aerobic bacteria, mainly like streptococci, lactobacilli and actinomycetes (the initial colonizers) adhere to the pellicle. journal of endodontics. Taubman MA, Valverde P, Han X, Kawai T: Immune response: the key to bone resorption in periodontal disease. Ensuring that periodontology is adequately represented as a specialty to both the medical and dental professions; Prabu GR, Gnanamani A, Sadulla S: Guaijaverin-a plant flavonoid as potential antiplaque agent against Streptococcus mutans. Journal of Periodontology 2005; 76:2033-41. Information for Authors Download PDF Endnote Style for JIAP. J Clin Periodontol 2004; 31(3):166-172. Santos A: Evidence-based control of plaque and gingivitis. Periodontitis is a common and widespread disease, which occurs due to the pathogenic bacterial infections (like Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, S. mutans etc.) journal of clinical periodontology. Dhinahar S, Lakshmi T: Role of botanicals as antimicrobial agents in management of dental infections- a review. Fine DH, Furgang D, Barnett ML, Drew C, Steinberg L, Charles CH, and Vincent JW: Effect of an essential oil-containing antiseptic mouthrinse on plaque and salivary. Herbal control on Periodontitis: Medicinal plants have been used as traditional treatments for numerous human diseases for thousands of years and in many parts of the world. Generously provided by Érica Dorigatti de Avila from the Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil. It binds to receptor sides on plaque and the acquired pellicle thereby preventing further consolidation of plaque and at the same time has a bacteriostatic effect on the pathogens. Dental Anesthesiology (Anaesthesiology) Dental Bridges Dental Caries Dental Lab Management Dental Materials Market Analysis Dental Traumatology Implant Dentistry Journal Membership Progaram Oral Health Oral Hygiene Pediatric Dentistry Periodontics Preventive Dentistry Restorative Dentistry. Kinane DF, Radvar M: A six-month comparison of three periodontal local antimicrobial therapies in persistent periodontal pockets. International Academy of Periodontology Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology Boston, Mass. For example, bacterial resistance to most (if not all) of the antibiotics commonly used to treat oral infections (penicillins and cephalosporins, erythromycin, tetracycline and derivatives and metronidazole) has been documented. 1986; 65:53-56. The two years line is equivalent to journal impact factor ™ (Thomson Reuters) metric. Review articles, reports of scientific meetings in periodontology and other short communications are also published in the journal. Clinical and Bacteriological Results after 15 to 30 Weeks. Frequency : Quarterly. Prof. Dagmar Else Slot is a dental hygienist, educational expert, clinical epidemiologist and is currently finishing an MBA in health care management. Click here to view the latest trending articles from Journal of Periodontology. 1999; 12(4):564–582. Articles from Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications Support Center Support Center External link. Since it is not such a powerful bacteriocidal agent, it may not be as effective as the other agents in local therapy to combat periodontal pathogens17. Albandar and Rams in (2002) reported that more than 82% of the United States adolescents have overt gingivitis and signs of gingival bleeding. Journal of Innovative trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences 2010; 1:245-251. Journal of Periodontology 1993; 64:782-791. The host response described indicates the importance of the genetic make-up of individual patients in periodontal disease. Wolff LF: Chemotheraputic agents in the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease. Microbiol. 2001; 80(5):1436-1440. Essential oil mouthrinses are also effective against Streptococcus mutans which is one of the most important causative bacteria for dental caries. This layer enhances the adhesion of bacteria to the teeth. October 2020. Many plant-derived medicines used in traditional medicinal systems have been recorded in pharmacopeias as agents used to treat infections and a number of these have been recently investigated for their efficacy against oral microbial pathogens 32. Subjects: Main Subject is Dental Science And Sub Subject Periodontology & Implantology, Dental Implants. oral oncology. The Journal of Periodontology publishes articles relevant to the science and practice of periodontics and related areas. established within the gingival sulcus. The activation of lymphocytes and neutrophils is defensive and involves bacterial as well as possible tissue destruction. : International Academy of Periodontology, 1999 Druck-Ausgabe, 1999-2015: Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: 1994; 21(10):680-683. They also reported that 72% of adults have visible plaque; which is the main causative factor of periodontal disease. Quirynen M, Soete M, Van Steenberghe D. Infectious risks for oral implants: a review of the literature. Ciancio SG: Antiseptics and antibiotics as chemotherapeutic agents for periodontitis management. Periodontitis in comparison with Gingivitis is a more severe inflammation, because not only it affects the tissues, but also, it affects the bottom of the teeth. Journal Flyer. T-lymphocytes are implicated in periodontal bone resorption as T and B cells derived from patients with periodontal disease induce osteoclastic activity. Peri‐implant diseases: Consensus Report of the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology. international endodontic journal. 2001; 72:1535-1544. Firatli E, Unal T, Onan U, Sandalli P: Antioxidative activities of some chemo-therapeutics. One of the outcomes of this is an increasing number of resistant bacteria strains. Bernimoulin JP:  Recent concepts in plaque formation. International Journal of Implant Dentistry is an international online-only open access journal publishing high-quality peer-reviewed articles related to the field of implant dentistry.. J. Appl. Mechanical scaling and root planing are considered the basic standard treatment for periodontal disease, with the objectives of eliminating periodontal pathogens, plaque, calculus and bacterial debris, and leaving smooth surfaces. Email(will not be published) Following this initial colonization, bacterial growth and multiplication increases rapidly. clinical implant dentistry and related research. * Required. As there are approximately 500,000 plant species occurring worldwide, of which only 1% has been phytochemically investigated, there is great potential for discovering novel bioactive compounds 29. The Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology is published quarterly and includes news, comments and scientific reports on all aspects of periodontology. Sub-gingival plaque is composed of predominantly gram negative anaerobic organisms. The natural products derived from medicinal plants have proven to be an abundant source of biologically active compounds, many of which have been the basis for the development of new lead chemicals for pharmaceuticals. FIGURE 1: FLOW DIAGRAM OF PROGRESSION OF PERIODONTITIS. Journal of Periodontology 1999; 70(5):490-503. journal of dentistry. This initiates gingivitis. http://dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.3(5).1260-67, All © 2021 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR There have been numerous reports of the use of traditional plants and natural products for the treatment of oral diseases. Journal of Periodontology 1995; 66: 962-965. Chemical Treatment: Chemotherapeutic products used to prevent and treat periodontal disease include mouthrinses,  dentifrices, systemic antimicrobials, locally delivered antimicrobials and other therapeutics. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'. Dental Plaque: Dental plaque is a complex of several hundred species of bacteria living together, forming an adherent biofilm. There is no charge to submit your article and have it published in the journal. Other antibiotics used include the tetracycline class (tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline), erythromycin, clindamycin, and metronidazole. Mode of action: Those botanical which contain phenolic compounds have anti-inflammatory and prostaglandin synthetase-inhibiting activity. Advantages of Essential Oil Derived Mouthwash: CONCLUSION: The global need for alternative prevention, treatment options and products for oral diseases that are safe, effective and economical arises due to the rise in disease incidence (particularly in developing countries), increased resistance by pathogenic bacteria to currently used antibiotics and chemotherapeutics, opportunistic infections in immuno-compromized individuals and financial considerations in developing countries. 2004; 54:3-14. Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. those not cited during the following year. J Periodontol. J Clin Periodontol. Keywords : Periodontics, Pedodontics, Dental Implants, Implants Dentistry, Oral Dentistry, Gingiva, Alveolar Bone, Cementum, Periodontal … British Dental Journal 2001; 191: 186-192. Like Chlorhexidine can cause staining of the tongue, teeth and restorations and also supragingival calculus. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 2001; 28:697-700. Promoting international exchange and communications between individuals of all nations, in pursuance of these objects in order to promote periodontal health throughout the world. Buccal Soft Tissue Dehiscences Around Implants (ENG) In order to eliminate or control the disease and arrest further periodontal tissue destruction, periodontal pockets need repeated sub gingival mechanical cleansing. Confocal microscopy study of undisturbed and chlorhexidine-treated dental biofilm. Abbreviation : IP Int J Periodontol Implantol. Santos A: Evidence-based control of plaque and gingivitis. American Academy of Periodontology Publishes Proceedings from Best Evidence Consensus Meeting on Lasers American Academy of Periodontology, SUNSTAR Announce 2018 Innovation Grant Recipients World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions Mechanical control of Periodontal Disease:One of the goals of periodontal treatment is to eliminate pathogenic bacterial activity, thus halt-ing disease progression and enabling host recovery and gains in clinical attachment levels. Kornman KS: Controlled release local delivery- Antimicrobials in Periodontics. The presence of periodontal pathogens threatens the periodontal stability and health of treated sites due to bacterial migration from other periodontal sites or sites such as the dorsum of the tongue. Morris et al., (2001) reported that in the United Kingdom 40-45% of adults have moderate destructive periodontal disease and 5-10% has a severe form of the disease. Botanicals like Acacia Catechu, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Allium sativum, Propolis, Mikania laevigata, Mikania glomerate, Drosera peltata, Helichrysum italicum, Coptidis rhizome, Piper cubeba,  Azadirachta indica, Syzygium Aromaticum  and Tea tree oil (Melaleuca Alternifolia) are some potential anti- microbial deriving agents used in the management of dental infections caused by Streptococcus mutans 33. J Dent Res. Journal of Periodontology Established in 1930 as the official publication of the AAP, the Journal of Periodontology (JOP) publishes original papers of the highest scientific quality to support practice, education, and research in the dental specialty of periodontics. Dental biofilm consists of bacteria that are tightly bound to each other. After 2-4 days more gram negative like Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella , anaerobics (filamentous and cocci) organisms and fusiform bacteria with higher pathogenicity begin to colonize. Step 3- Plaque maturation occurs after 4th day. Evolution of the number of total citation per document and external citation per document (i.e. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology (JISP) is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal with an aim to convey scientific progress in periodontology and is dedicated to global and extensive publication for the benefit of oral health. In an effort to reach a wide audience range, Perio J is an online, peer-reviewed, open access journal that endorses the global exchange of information pertinent to the field of periodontology. Only Open Access Journals Only SciELO Journals Only WoS Journals Mombelli A, Samaranayake LP: Topical and systemic antibiotics in the management of periodontal diseases Int Dent J. Various botanicals have been reported to inhibit the growth of several oral microrganisms particularly Streptococcus mutans and thus prevent caries. Sources . ISSN (online) 1945-3388. International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry. Down the ages essential oils and other extracts of plants have evoked interest as alternates for bacterial infections. Impact Factor (ISI): 1.513 (2019) An international reputation for high-quality editorial content and unparalleled color illustrations has created a loyal following for this elegantly produced journal. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry 2000; 21:59-78. Chlorhexidine inhibits plaque formation by binding to bacteria and preventing their adhesion to the teeth 23, 24. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 2001; 80(5):1436-1440. Following the onset of gingivitis, an active and progressive inflammatory process occurs. Availability of medicinal plants is not a problem especially in developing countries like India having rich agro-climatic, cultural and ethnic biodiversity. Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that text, figures, photographs, and tables have not appeared in any other publication, except as an abstract prepared and published in conjunction with a … Journal of Periodontology Author Instructions. They reported that the prevalence of gingivitis for children and adolescents in other parts of the world is almost the same or possibly higher than that of the United States adolescents. Mechanism of action: One study found that chlorhexidine, tetracycline, doxycycline and other antibiotics all anti-oxidant activity and suggested that anti-oxidative activity may be part of the mechanism of action of chemotherapeutics used in the treatment of periodontal disease. The cultivation and processing of medicinal herbs and herbal products is environment-friendly. Periodontal Disease Pathogenesis: Periodontal disease varies by age of onset, severity, whether the disease is localized or generalized, the bacteria, and the host response. Zaura-Arite E, Marle J, Cate JM. Clin Oral Impl Res 2002; 13:1–19. Sakarkar DM, Kosalge SB, Sheikh S. Formulation Development and Evaluation of Unit Moulded Herbal Semisolid Jelly useful in treatment of Mouth Ulcer. INTRODUCTION: The word "periodontitis" comes from peri ("around"), odont ("tooth") and -itis ("redness"). Kalsbeek H, Truin GJ, Poorterman JH, Rossum GM, Rijkom HM, and Verrips GH: Trends in periodontal status and oral hygiene habits in Dutch adults between 1983 and 1995. Additionally, it is in deeper periodontal pockets that the more virulent gram-negative anaerobic periodontal pathogens are most prevalent and it is known that mouthrinses may not reach deep into periodontal pockets. Subramaniam K: The effect of different concentrations of Neem (, Chitme HR, Chandra R, and Kaushik S: Studies on anti-diarrhoeal activity of. Advancing international co-operation on a personal basis and in co-operation with national or international periodontal societies and research groups and appropriate health organizations; Journal of Periodontology 2005; 76:2033-41. Data . Bakdash B: Current patterns of oral hygiene product use and practices. In the United States 50% of adults have gingivitis affecting at least 3-4 teeth; two-thirds of the population has sub gingival calculus, and about a one-third have periodontitis 3, 4. Periodontitis is a set of diseases which usually attacks the peridontium. Jan Lindhe; Joerg Meyle; on behalf of Group D of the European Workshop on Periodontology; Pages: 282-285; First Published: 26 August 2008 Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology Volume 17 Number 3 July 2015 ISSN 1466–2094 EDITORIAL BOARD Mark R Patters Editor Memphis, TN, USA Tetracycline was introduced as a treatment for periodontal disease after penicillin, and its adjunctive use in addition to scaling and root planing has been found to be more effective in reducing periodontal bacteria and inflammation than either scaling and root planing or systemic antibiotic therapy alone. The SJR is a size-independent prestige indicator that ranks journals by their 'average prestige per article'. Williams RC, Paquette DN: Treatment of periodontitis by local administration of minocycline microspheres: a controlled trial. In a study to determine the most effective method for reducing plaque formation and the level of bacteria on tooth surface, it was found that micro-organisms in inflamed gums are resistant to penicillin (44%) and tetracycline (30%) but were not resistant to antibacterial plant extracts like the Neem 28. Data Source: Scopus®, Metrics based on Scopus® data as of April 2020. Consequent to the formation of calculus periodontal disease is established and progressive loss of attachment may follow 7. In rural areas of the developing countries, they continue to be used as the primary source of medicine. Each of these drugs has its own advantages and disadvantages for its utility as an active ingredient and has a broad spectrum action against most periodontal pathogens 16. Herbal drugs have long era of use and better patient tolerance as well as public acceptance. Several studies indicate that only between 2-10% of the population perform interdental hygiene (floss or toothpicks) on a daily basis. The host response has been identified as the primary factor determining periodontal disease progression, and is influenced by systemic diseases, risk factors, hormones and local factors. Zaura-Arite E, Van Marle: Confocal microscopy study of undisturbed and chlorhexidine-treated dental biofilm. Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research (research articles, conference papers and reviews) in three year windows vs. those documents other than research articles, reviews and conference papers. Non-surgical scaling and root planing results in the clinician working blind in a closed environ-ment to disrupt and remove the subgingival biofilm, bacteria, debris and calculus from the root surfaces and adjacent soft tissue. A possible mechanism in reducing gingival inflammation. Other antibacterial agents used in the prevention and treatment of oral diseases, including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine, amine fluorides or products containing such agents, are reported to exhibit toxicity, cause staining of teeth or in the case of ethanol (commonly found in mouthwashes) have been linked to oral cancer. However, the important property of substantivity is not as critical in its role as a local drug since it would be placed with a reservoir which would keep on providing the chemical continuously over a period of days. This web edition is produced by Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH, Berlin. Fine DH, Furgang D, and Barnett ML: Comparative antimicrobial activities of antiseptic mouthrinses against isogenic planktonic and biofilm forms of actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal. In a neutrophil chemotaxis assay, Azuma et al. Despite several agents being commercially available, these chemicals can alter oral micro-biota and have undesirable side-effects such as vomiting, diarrhea and tooth staining. South African Dental Journal 2004; 59:204-207. This suggestion had been expounded by Morris et al (2001) who also suggested that improved oral hygiene would result in the widespread improvement in management of the disease 5. This will reduce the numbers of bacteria in the aerosols produced by ultrasonic scaling. Essential oil mouthrinses also reduces plaque and inflammation around dental implants. The spread of drug resistant pathogens is one of the most serious threats to successful treatment of microbial diseases. Interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are both cytokines, and their presence results in the stimulation of matrixmetalloproteinase (MMP) which is followed by attachment loss and bone resorption 8. Yengopal V: Preventive Dentistry: Essential oils and oral malodour. Patient Compliance: Continuous motivation and patient compliance is essential to establish a good plaque control programmes. Court domicile and place of performance: Chicago, USA. Original articles that reported on the use of CBCT for periodontal disease diagnosis were included. Follow us on @ScimagoJRScimago Lab, Copyright 2007-2020. The Journal of International Academy of Periodontology. Active ingredients used in mouthrinses and dentifrices include chlorhexidine gluconate, essential oils, fluoride, cetylpyridinium chloride, zinc citrate and triclosan 15. 1986; 13:39-44. 1994; 21(10):680-683. The Journal of Periodontal Research is an international research periodical which publishes original investigations concerned with every aspect of periodontology and related sciences. It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal, it expresses how central to the global scientific discussion an average article of the journal is. J Dent Res. Journal of Periodontology 2003; 74:391-401. Radvar M, Pourtaghi N, Kinane DF: Comparison of 3 periodontal local antibiotic therapies in persistent periodontal pockets. journal self-citations removed) received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Studies have found that locally-applied antimicrobials substantially reduce bacterial resistance compared to use of systemic antibiotics. Dental plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal diseases and this article is focused on its prevention through mechanical, chemical and herbal techniques. The users of Scimago Journal & Country Rank have the possibility to dialogue through comments linked to a specific journal. MECHANICAL, CHEMICAL AND HERBAL ASPECTS OF PERIODONTITIS: A REVIEW, Sagar Bansal*, Shruti Rastogi and Meenakshi Bajpai, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, 5 km Stone, Delhi-Meerut Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. For topics on particular articles, maintain the dialogue through the usual channels with your editor. In non-surgical cases, instruments may fail to reach the base of deep pockets adequately (75% of root surfaces), primarily due to the physical difficulties imposed by pocket morphology, yet it is in these deeper pockets that higher levels of periodontal pathogens exist 10. demonstrated that phenolic compounds act as scavengers of free oxygen radicals and, hence, affect leukocyte activity. It is the principal etiological factor in periodontal diseases and caries. Throughout the world, herbal medicine has provided many of the most useful and vast variety of drugs to the modern medical science. 2006; 101:487-495. 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