Then the Viceroy Mubariz-ul-Mulk came and took Ahmedabad (1725). Though the city was considerably recovered, the famine in 1812 devastated its people. After the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the British East India Company had gained considerable political power and territories. These entrances to the city has a unique name and history. Find detailed information on Ahmedabad … He also established the first square of the city, Manek Chowk, both associated with the legend of Hindu saint Maneknath. English Ambassador Sir Thomas Roe visited the city in 1672 again. In 1554 the partition of Gujarat among the nobles, leaving to the nominal king Ahmad Shah II (1554–1561), only the city and neighbourhood of Ahmedabad further affected the city. Lying on the banks of the historic river Sabarmati, its the seventh largest metropolitan area and the fifth largest city in India. In 1664, the revenue concessions were offered to Europeans and Tavernier came to the city. As the city expanded, the city wall was expanded. The Ashaval blog is all about Ahmedabad city, showcase a curated information which tells you anything and everything about Ahmedabad. In 1720 Anopsingh Bhandari the deputy viceroy, committed many oppressive acts murdering Kapurchand Bhansali, one of the leading merchants. A famine in 1630 and the constant power struggle between the Peshwa and the Gaekwad virtually destroyed the city. Before he left the ashram, he vowed not to return to the ashram until India became independent. For short period of 1535, Mughal emperor Humayun conquered Gujarat and appointed his brother Aaskari, the governor of Ahmedabad. , During the rebellion of 1857, the government quickly contained the mutineers of the Gujarat Irregular Horse and of the 2nd Grenadier Regiment. The construction of Ahmedabad Metro began in 2015 and the operation began in March 2019. We curate everything around businesses, entrepreneurs, food places, places to hangout, Ahmedabad events, news and much more. In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came from South Africa and established two ashrams in the city, the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati in 1917. The American Civil War (1863–1865) helped the economy of the city. Passionate blogger, happy soul, love to read and travel. Unlike other Indian cities, Ahmedabad lacked a comprador class or dominant, Western-educated middle class. Fath Khan, on his accession, adopted the title Abu-al Fath Mahmud Shah but he was popularly known as Mahmud Begada. The city was greatly damaged by floods in 1868 and in 1875. In 1695 it was the headquarters of manufactures, 'the greatest city in India, nothing inferior to Venice for rich silks and gold stuffs curiously wrought with birds and flowers.' For more than a year the siege lasted, Momin Khan and his minister Shambhuram a Nagar Brahman, driving back all assaults, and at times dashing out in the most brilliant and destructive sallies. All those who support #ISupportKarnavati should learn that Amdavad was #Ashaval before it was renamed to #Karnavati. Then the 1790 famine caused fresh distress, and a few years later only a quarter of the space within the walls was inhabited. The earliest settlement can be recorded around the 12th century under Chaulukya dynasty rule. One visitor, Mary Carpenter, wrote in 1856 after visiting the city, "I found how very far behind Ahmedabad these other places [like Calcutta] were in effort to promote female education among the leading Hindus, in emancipation of the ladies from the thraldom imposed by custom; and in self-effort for improvement on their own part.". And the Marathas unopposed invested the city with their 30,000 horse, the Gaekwad blockading the north, Gopal Hari the east, and the Peshwa's deputy Raghunath Rao watching the south and west. Ahmadabad, also spelled Ahmedabad, city, eastern Gujarat state, west-central India. , Ahmed Shah I, while camping on the banks of the Sabarmati river, saw a hare chasing a dog. The Deputy Minister of Gujarat, Nitin Patel, while talking to journalist said that “The name ‘Ahmedabad’ is a symbol of slavery and it needs to be changed“. Escaping from confinement, Rangoji next year (1744) returned and forced Jawan to give him his share of power.  The following year, a three-day period of violence between Hindus and Muslims in the western Indian state of Gujarat, known as the 2002 Gujarat violence, spread to Ahmedabad; refugee camps were set up around the city and economy was affected. He received the sobriquet Begada, which literally means conqueror of two forts, probably after conquering Girnar and Champaner forts. Message after message sent to Jawan as he moved about the country, failed to reach him. In 1629 and 1630 Ahmedabad passed through two years of famine known as Satyashiyo Dukal so severe that its streets were blocked by the dying, and those who could move, wandered to other countries. All kingdom show. It is located in western India on the banks of the River Sabarmati. Kadvasan. If you are planning to travel to Ahmedabad or any other city in India, this airport locator will be a very useful tool. 2,10,000). In 1613, a company of thirty-two Englishmen under Mr. Aldworth, the first representatives of British East India Company, came to Ahmedabad. Maganbhai Karamchand, a Jain businessman, and Harkor Shethani, a Jain widow. It was first named as Ashaval and later changed to ‘Karnavati’. 15,50,000) as of 1860. Ahmadabad is at the junction of the main roads leading to Mumbai and central India, the Kathiawar Peninsula, and the Rajasthan border. They attacked a rich jeweller, Kapurchand, who defended his ward, pol, with matchlock men and killed several of the rioters. About three weeks later on 6 January 1618, Mughal emperor Jahangir gave an audience to him. Dadhana. In the same year (1730) Mubariz-ul-Mulk the Viceroy, superseded by the king Abhai Singh of Jodhpur, refused to give up the city and outside of the walls fought a most closely contested battle. During this time the only disorder was in 1644 a riot between Hindus and Muslims in which under Aurangzeb's orders the temple of Chintamani Parswanath near Saraspur was mutilated. For nearly twenty-three years the city remained in Maratha hands.  Shortly after (1626), the English traveller Sir Thomas Herbert describes Ahmedabad as "the megapolis of Gujarat, circled by a strong wall with many large and comely streets, shops full of aromatic gums, perfumes and spices, silks, cottons, calicoes and choice Indian and China rarities, owned and sold by the abstemious Banians who here surpass for number the other inhabitants." Vibrant Gujarat 2019: Everything you need to know about it, Mittal Patel: The Messiah for Nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Best Places for Pre-Wedding Photoshoot in Ahmedabad, Sambar Cafe – a place to relish authentic South Indian food, Meet the Top Bridal Makeup Artists in Ahmedabad, 9 Best Places for Vegan Food in Ahmedabad, Kankaria Carnival 2019: A New Year Festival, Top Garba and Dandiya songs with Lyrics for Navratri 2020, Compiled List of Micro Containment Zones in Ahmedabad, A Home Away From Home: List of Quarantine Service Provider in Ahmedabad. They warned the reader not to use the word wasi again, and, as he persisted in obeying orders, on the next occasion they dragged him from the pulpit and stabbed him to death. The present city was founded on 26 February 1411 and announced as the capital on 4 March 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate as a new capital. Advancing against Salukar, Govind Rao Gaekwad defeated him near Shah e Alam and, pursuing him into the citadel, made him prisoner. , In 1878, the lower classes suffered from high prices of food-grains while the upper classes from the dullness of trade and losses in Bombay mills.. The city of Ashaval was located on the east of River Sabarmati. Knowing this, and learning that heavy rain had made great breaches in the city walls, Momin Khan II advanced from Cambay. The merchant class tended to support the British, thinking the rule provided more security than under the Marathas, lower taxes (including lower octroi), and more property rights. Unlike most other areas of India, British rule meant no major upsetting of the community's traditional social system, although the traditional peasant landowning class, the Banias and Patidars, were absorbed into the Jain business community. Many suburbs of the city were deserted and many mansions lay in ruins. The city further renewed growth when it gain political freedom by establishment of municipality and opening of railway under British crown rule (1857–1947). The Ahmedabad Divisional Council had working committees for education, roads, and residential development and planning. Impressed by the incident, the sultan, who had been looking for a place to build his new capital, decided to found the capital here on 26 February 1411. But Jawan was badly off for money, and, in spite of levies on the townspeople, he could not find enough to pay his troops. In 1297, Gujarat was conquered by Allauddin Khilji, the ruler of the principal state in north India at the time, the Delhi Sultanate. Some people find it inappropriate while some are supporting this activity. During his government from 1616 to 1622, he built Moti Shahi Mahal in 1621 and royal baths in the Bhadra fort. With no Western-oriented academic center in the city, there was no opposing political reaction to Western influences, and the city. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. In 1571, the city had twelve wards within the walls and others outside. In the disorders that followed his death, the power of the Gujarat Sultans waned, their revenues fell, and the capital, its trade crippled by Portuguese competition, was impoverished and harassed by the constant quarrels of unruly nobles. The present city was founded on 26 February 1411 and announced as the capital on 4 March 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanateas a new capital.  In 1723 Mubariz-ul-Mulk, Viceroy, chose Shujat Khan his deputy, and Hamid Khan, then holding Ahmedabad for the Nizam the former Viceroy, retired; Shujat Khan took his place, and went to collect tribute, then Hamid returned, defeated and killed Shujat and held all the land about Ahmedabad. The jizya tax was imposed on non-Muslims in 1681 and the riots broke out due to famine in the city. Though successful against the Marathas the Viceroy had to agree to give them a share of the revenue, and badly off for money had, in 1726, and again in 1730, so greatly to increase taxation that the city rose in revolt. Blackburn, Stuart H., and Vasudha Dalmia, editors, "In Ahmedabad, history is still alive as tradition", "Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation – History of Ahmedabad", "When LD Engineering structured the revolt", "Lessons learned from the Gujarat earthquake", Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre, Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad, Adani Institute of Infrastructure Management, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor, Citizens awarded national civilian honours, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Ahmedabad&oldid=992757929, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with failed verification from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:02. Name Status District Population Census 1991-03-01 Population Census 2001-03-01 Population Census 2011-03-01 ; Adalaj: Census Town: Gandhinagar... 9,776: 11,957 → Ahmadabad (Ahmedabad) [Ahmedabad]: Municipal Corporation with Outgrowth Jalisana. Cities, Towns, Suburbs, Localities & Places Close to Ahmedabad Khan Khanan governed the city from 1583 to 1590. The protests witnessed violent clashes between people belonging to various castes.. He was murdered, and the Peshwa's minister Trimbak Dengle was suspected of the crime.  So the second fortification was carried out by Mahmud Begada in 1486, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, with an outer wall 10 km (6.2 mi) in circumference and consisting of 12 gates, 189 bastions and over 6,000 battlements as described in Mirat-i-Ahmadi. This is a modern shopping mall in a European style that has more than a hundred shops. So closely did he look after its welfare that if he heard of an empty house or shop he ordered it to be filled. The city served as political as well as economical capital of the region since its establishment. The British did not have a financing vacuum to fill in the city, so their presence was limited to administrative and military spheres. There is also an interesting story behind its foundation. During the following years the improvement continued. But within a short period of seven or twenty-seven days, the nobles deposed him and set on the throne Fath Khan, son of Muhammad Shah II. Square in form, enclosing an area of about forty-three acres, and containing 162 houses, the Bhadra fort had eight gates, three large, two in the east and one in the south-west corner; three middle-sized, two in the north and one in the south; and two small, in the west. , In the 1980s, a reservation policy was introduced in the country, which led to anti-reservation protests in 1981 and 1985. Ahmad Shah I laid the foundation of the city on 26 February 1411 (at 1.20 pm, Thursday, the second day of Dhu al-Qi'dah, Hijri year 813) at Manek Burj. Ahmedabad city is reportedly all set to feature as one team in the T20 league. During his reign, Gujarat was under pressure from the expanding Mughal Empire under emperors Babur (died 1530) and Humayun (1530–1540), and from the Portuguese, who were establishing fortified settlements on the Gujarat coast to expand their power in India from their base in Goa. About the same time a cantonment was established on a site to the north of the city, chosen in 1830 by Sir John Malcolm. Cheering the garrison they defended the city with vigour, foiling an attempt to surprise and driving back an open attack. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Acknowledging their claims for some years, Jawan, in 1750, when Damaji Gaekwad was in the Deccan, again drove the Marathas out of the city. There is a thirteenth Baba Kamil Kirmini about whom authorities are not agreed. Next year (1715) in the city the riots were renewed, shops were plundered and much mischief done, and outside (1716), the Kolis and Kathis grew so bold and presumptuous as to put a stop to trade. The city suffered due to political instability (1707–1817) under late Mughal rulers followed by joint rule between Maratha and Mughal. The name Ahmedabad came to the city in the era of Sultan Ahmedshah. For next 135 years (1572–1707), the city renewed greatness under the early rulers of Mughal Empire. On this the Hindus seized a lad the son of a butcher and killed him. , In 1616 Prince Khurram, afterwards, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, was made governor.  Under the terms of the under the Treaty of Salbai (24 February 1783) Ahmedabad was restored to the Peshwa, the Gaekwad's interest being as before, limited to one-half of the revenue and the command of one of the gates. Ahmedabad's gold, silk, and carved-wood work again (1855) became famous, and its merchants and brokers enjoyed a name for liberality, wealth and enlightenment. It is located in western India on the banks of the River Sabarmati. Ahmedabad, the largest city of Gujarat boasts of growing economy. Under the terms of the treaty, the Peshwa agreed, for a yearly payment of £45,000 (Rs. Driven out in 1738, before a year was over they forced themselves back. A search over Gujarat yielded two, the saint was the third, and the king the fourth. The Chief Minister of Gujarat, Vijay Rupani, says that the name of Ahmedabad city could be changed before the Lok Sabha elections. Aurangzeb ascended the throne at Delhi 1658. The sage pointed out unique characteristics in the land which nurtured such rare qualities which turned a timid hare to chase a ferocious dog. Kachrol. One of the largest Levi’s shops in Ahmedabad … Under the rule of sultanate (1411–1511) the city p… When the Sultanate was weakened by the sacking of Delhi by Timur in 1398, and Zafar Khan took the opportunity to establish himself as sultan of an independent Gujarat. Cities falling under Y (population between 5 lakh-50 lakh) category – Rs 3600 covid-19 ahmedabad city As per COVID-19 Bulletin updated on 04/01/2021 at 11:00 AM 54173 4,50,000), to let in perpetuity to the Gaekwar the farm of Ahmedabad. Along with prohibition, non- vegetarian food is eschewed by most Amdavadis (that’s how the locals describe their city). Gujarat’s deputy chief minister Nitin Patel on Tuesday said that the name Ahmedabad was a “symbol of slavery”. A king of Solanki Dynasty called Karnadev, defeated the Bhil chief of Ashaval and laid the foundation of Karnavati city from Ashaval. Again in 1742 the Muslims rose against them, kept them out of power for about two years, and for a time held their leader Rangoji a prisoner. It yielded a yearly revenue of £155,000 (Rs. Ahmedabad grew rapidly, becoming an important center of trade and textile manufacturing.  Zafar Khan's father Sadharan, was a Tanka Rajput convert to Islam, adopted the name Wajih-ul-Mulk, and had given his sister in marriage to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. Following arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915, the city became centre stage of Indian independence movement. The railway connecting Ahmedabad with Bombay was opened in 1864. The sultan was intrigued by this and asked his spiritual adviser for an explanation. A tribe known by the name Bhil founded a small settlement in Midwest India and named it Ashaval a corrupted form of Asha Palli — denoting Asha, a … For two years Jawan remained in sole power, till in 1752 the Peshwa, owning now the one-half of the Gaekwad's revenues, sent Pandurang Pandit to collect his dues. Under the same treaty the Peshwa agreed, that this revenue from the Ahmedabad farm, should be paid by the Gaekwar to the British as part of the British claims on the Peshwa's revenues. He and many followers marched from his ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, to protest against the British imposing a tax on salt. , Instead of education in English language and culture, technology education was promoted in the late 19th century. The city served as political as well as economical capital of the region since its establishment. No religious touches. Under the rule of sultanate (1411–1511) the city prospered followed by decline (1511–1572) when the capital was transferred to Champaner. , Dunlop, British Collector of Kaira took over administration of the city in 1818. Tho copper pots of the runaways kept the garrison in pay for a time. For some years tho city improved, its manufactures in 1789 being incomparably better than those of Surat. They and others were recruited into the new manufacturing plants. Explore Ahmedabad's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. ‘Ahmedabad’ is the third name of our city. The revenues cut off, to pay their troops the Mughal officers granting orders on bankers, seized them, put them in prison, and tortured them till they paid. Do you know? Dalod.  In the early years of the seventeenth century Ahmedabad increased in size. In the city the next years were marked by riots and disturbance. During the First Anglo–Maratha War (1775–1782), General Thomas Wyndham Goddard, acting in alliance with Fateh Singh Gaekwad against the Pune, with 6,000 troops stormed Bhadra Fort on 12 February 1779. It lies along the Sabarmati River about 275 miles (440 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay).  Militant group Harkat-ul-Jihad claimed responsibility for the attacks. Later, Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1411 A.D. laid the foundation of a new walled city near Karnavati and named it Ahmedabad after the four saints in the area by the name Ahmed. In June 1819, Rann of Kutch earthquake hit the city damaging several monuments and houses in the city. Couple , Family , Friends. A king of Solanki Dynasty called Karnadev, defeated the Bhil chief of Ashaval and laid the foundation of. The Darwaja or Gates of Ahmedabad were built during different times starting from 1411 as the entrances to the walled city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. There are shops selling locally produced goods and stores that offer items by internationally famous brands. — Aga Kausar Husain (@agakausar) November 20, 2018, RJ Dhvanit conducted a poll on #Ahmedabad name change. This shop, in which were more than 500 pounds of gunpowder, was about ten at night found to be on fire. Their deputies turned out of the city and Jawan's garrison gradually strengthened from outside, the Maratha chances of success seemed small. Momin Khan the Viceroy had his appointment cancelled in favour of Abhesingh's deputy Ratansingh Bhandari. This marked the start of a long period of decline in the city, marked by a lack of development. its craftsmen as famous for their work in steel, gold, ivory, enamel, mother of pearl, paper, lac, bone, silk, and cotton, and its merchants as dealing in sugar-candy, cumin, honey, lac, opium, cotton, borax, dry and preserved ginger and other sweets, myrobalans, saltpetre and sal ammoniac, diamonds from Bijapur, ambergris, and musk. Ahmed Shah I died in 1443 and was succeeded by his eldest son Muizz-ud-Din Muhammad Shah (Muhammad Shah I) who expanded the kingdom to Idar and Dungarpur. Thus, the history of Ahmedabad, India is very rich. The street was very narrow and lined with four-story high houses. Bahadur Shah repelled Siege of Diu by Portuguese in 1531 with help of Ottoman Empire and signed Treaty of Bassein. Ahmedabad One Mall is open in the central part of the city. In the late 1970s, the capital shifted to the newly built, well-planned city of Gandhinagar. The next sultan, his grandson Ahmad Shah I defeated a Bhil or Koli chief of Ashaval, and founded the new city. Within the city Momin Khan, till his death in 1743, held without dispute the chief place among the Muslims. The city was ruled by Mughal emperors then, these rulers holds great importance in the history of Ahmedabad. The people, leaving the suburbs, fled within the walls. , Then there followed a struggle between Hamid Khan, the Nizam's deputy helped by the Marathas, and Sarbuland Khan the Viceroy and his deputy. Tucked away in the quiet nook of the city, Dada Hari Ni Vav is a quaint step well in … After independence, the city was a part of Bombay state. Bahadur Shah allied with Portuguese and regained power in 1535 but was killed by Portuguese in February 1537. The estimated population of Ahmedabad in 2016 is over 7 million people in the city and approximately 8 … After Uttar Pradesh CM, Yogi Adityanath, changed the cities names from Allahabad to Prayagraj, and Faizabad to Ayodhya, the Gujarat ministry also started considering changing the Mughal city’s name ‘Ahmedabad’ to Karnavati. Ahmedabad also known as Amdavad Gujarati pronunciation: [ˈəmdɑːvɑːd]) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat. As a school in Ahmedabad, I am delighted to open the website of the District Education Officer, Ahmedabad City for the education world. The population rose from 80,000 in 1817 to about 88,000 in 1824. The city further suffered following joint Maratha rule. There is permanent prohibition in Ahmedabad following Gandhian principles, although in the last few years exceptions have been made, officially. The suburbs, deserted at the approach of the Marathas, were never re-peopled. (source Wikipedia). Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. Mahmud died on 23 November 1511. He chose it as the new capital on 4 March 1411. On 15 December 1617, Sir Thomas Roe came to Ahmedabad. With the close of Aurangzeb's (1707) reign began a period of disorder. Jahangir stayed in the city for nine months but was unimpressed by its environment calling it Gardabad, the city of dust. The Hutheesing Jain Temple, completed in 1848, and other buildings of that time (1844–1846) show that some of the city merchants were possessed of very great wealth. , From 1857 to 1865, it was a time of great prosperity. Endla. The sage pointed out unique characteristics in the land which nurtured such rare qualities which turned a timid hare to chase a ferocious dog. Destination. On the arrival of the 86th Regiment in January 1858, the city was disarmed, when 25,000 arms chiefly matchlocks and swords were surrendered. List of Cities near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India The closest cities, towns, suburbs/localities and places to Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India are listed below in order of increasing distance. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. This arrangement, renewed for ten years in 1804, continued in force till 1814. He started the salt satyagraha in 1930. , In 1877, the city suffered from fire. , Schools for girls, primarily for those in the upper classes, were founded in the mid-19th century. probably a part of city can be named as karnavati, as historically parts of present Ahmedabad were called karnavati, Ahmedshash established what is called the old town which became epicenter of the city with passage of time. The Maratha share was the south of the city including the command of the Khan Jahan, Jamalpur, Band or closed, also called Mahudha, Astodiya, and Raipur gates. When Peshwa appointed Trimbak Dengle as governor on 23 October 1814, the relationship between Gaekwad and Peshwa deteriorated. , Mughal emperor Akbar entered Gujarat and won Anhilwad Patan in 1572. Streets were widened and thoroughfares watered. The name of Kanpur and Lucknow has been advocated for the second new franchise. After the war, the city was later handed to Fateh Singh Gaekwad who held it for two years. Zafar Khan Muzaffar (later Muzaffar Shah I) of Muzaffarid dynasty was appointed as governor of Gujarat by Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad bin Tughluq IV in 1391. Ethnically sensitive examples include the proposals by the Bharatiya Janata Party (1990, 2001) to rename Ahmedabad to Karnavati  and Allahabad to Prayagraj , the latter finally being officially adopted in 2018. There are also people who consider that the name should be changed to. These (1825–1832), though some of them years of agricultural depression and dull trade, brought a further increase of population to 90,000. During the eight following years a special cess was levied on ghee and other products and at a cost of £25,000 (Rs.  Ahmedabad's economic base became more diverse with the establishment of heavy and chemical industry during the same period. Ahmedabad was the former capital city of Gujarat. There are also people who consider that the name should be changed to Ashaval instead of Karnavati considering it was the first name of the city. That the government is willing to change the name if it gets p In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. The public funds available after the walls were finished were made use of for municipal purposes. Hyderabad, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Greater Mumbai, Pune, Chennai and Kolkata. With the close of Aurangzeb's (1707) reign began a period of disorder. , During the next ten years (1720–1730), the rivalries of the Imperial nobles were the cause of much misery at Ahmedabad. Many countries sought to emulate India's economic planning strategy and one of them, South Korea, copied the city's second "Five-Year Plan" and the World Financial Center in Seoul is designed and modelled after Ahmedabad. 2,50,000) the city walls were repaired. In the next ten years the state of the city improved. The History behind the names of Ahmedabad City. In February 1974, Ahmedabad occupied the centre-stage of national politics with launch of the Navnirman agitation. There was a garrison of 6,000 Arab and Sindhi infantry and 2,000 cavalry. Military help was called in and by ten next morning the fire was got under, but not until ninety-four houses had been burned and property worth £60,000 (Rs. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. On 26 January 2001, a devastating earthquake centred near Bhuj, measuring 6.9 on the richter scale, struck the city. The municipal government was established in 1858. Raised to be Khan Khanan or head of the nobles, Mirza Khan turned the Sarkhej battlefield into a garden, Fateh Bagh (later Fateh vadi), the garden of victory, for long one of the chief sights of Ahmedabad. The gunpowder exploded burning five shops and killing eighty-eight people. If you are looking for both trendy and traditional clothing to buy at reasonable prices then … A tribe known by the name Bhil founded a small settlement in Midwest India and named it Ashaval a corrupted form of Asha Palli — denoting Asha, a headman of Bhil tribe around the turn of the first millennium. Though for several years (1683–1689) affected by attacks of pestilence, Ahmedabad seems to have lost little in wealth. For three or four days work was at a standstill. The sultan was intrigued by this and asked his spiritual adviser for explanation. , The siege had done the city lasting harm. Pretty much the area surrounding these gates have adopted the name of the gate as the name of the locality. "The entire discourse of tradition versus modernity, thrown up by exposure to Western literature and culture, was almost non-existent in Ahmedabad," according to literary scholar Svati Joshi. The famine over, the city soon regained its prosperity. The city was flooded up to Teen Darwaza in 1683. Following Siege of Diu in 1538, the Portuguese secured the greater part of the profits that formerly enriched the merchants of Ahmedabad. city from Ashaval. By 1960, Ahmedabad had become a metropolis with a population of slightly under half a million people, with classical and colonial European-style buildings lining the city's thoroughfares.